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JAR Type Ratings for Helicopters


´╗┐Why Get a Type Rating? Type Rating You have a PPL(H) and you want to try something different. For most pilots, getting another JAR type rating on theircense is one of the first things they will do. Having probably completed their training on a small helicopter, they now want to carry more passengers and luggage. Larger helicopters will normally have a faster cruise speed and so traveling time is reduced. But what is involved in getting a type rating? If you are getting your first Robinson R22 or Robinson R44 type rating, then you will have to do a minimum of 10 hours flying during your type rating course. If you already hold a Robinson R22 rating then you will only need to do a minimum of 5 hours flying on your type rating course and vice versa. Your first piston engine or turbine engine type rating will require you to fly a minimum of 5 hours during the course. If you already have completed a piston or a turbine engine type rating, then you will require a minimum of 2 hours flight time during your type rating course. (The actual time required will depend on your experience and ability but low time pilots should budget for 5 hours to be safe). Approved Training Organizations (ATO) All training for type ratings must be undertaken at a training school approved for type rating training. At the moment these schools are called Flight Training Organizations (FTO) and Type Rating Training Organizations (TRTO) but when EASA takes over from JAR in 2012, both of these will be referred to as Approved Training Organizations (ATO). You can check with your country's Authority to find out which training organisations can do the specific type rating courses. How Long? If you are doing a type rating course that only requires 5 hours of flying, you can expect to spend the first day in the classroom and learning all about the systems of the helicopter. This will normally end with a technical written examination on the specific helicopter type. The following two days will normally be spent doing the flying part of the course. The flying does not have to be done right away. You can do this at your convenience but if you have the time and the money, I would advise doing it all together. When your flying training is complete, your instructor will sign a course completion certificate and an application can be made for you to be tested by an examiner. The Flight Test The flight test will normally take between 45 minutes and 1 hour. It is a test of your general handling. There is no navigation as such but you will be required to fly away from the airfield and return to it and do all the radiotelephony. The flight test tolerances are the same as the PPL skills test. You will have to demonstrate proficiency in all of the general handling manoeuvres and complete some simulated IFR manoeuvres. Make sure you know the emergency procedures of by heart as you will definitely be asked most (if not all) of them. Renewal To keep your rating current, you must do a License Proficiency Check (LPC) each year. This can be completed up to 90 days before it is due to expire and if you pass it, it will be valid for another year after it is due to expire. You must have completed at least 2 hours flying (dual or solo) in the previous 12 months before doing the LPC. If you a renewing a Robinson rating then you will need to check if you meet the SFAR 73 requirements (do you need to do the SFAR 73 safety awarness training?). If your type rating has lapsed you can still renew it fairly easily as long as it has not lapsed by more than 5 years. Less than 5 years requires you to do some remedial training and a flight test. If it has lapsed by more than 5 years, then you will have to do the type rating course again. Further information may be found at a target=_new My Helicopter Blog.

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Malaysia Airlines, a Quick Look


´╗┐Malaysia Airlines has received several awards from the company that is the number one reviewer of airlines online, Skytrax. Malaysia Airlines has received the highest award possible - 5-Stars - from Skytrax. Malaysia Airlines dedication to pleasing its passengers in all areas of service has enabled them to receive these hard-to-get awards. These awards, known as the Passenger Choice Awards, are based on the votes real people cast as to the airline they feel is worthy of an award, with over 17.9 million passengers participating in 2010. The benefits Malaysia Airlines provides for each Class of passenger - Economy, Business, or First Class - is phenomenal to say the least. But, if you travel First Class, be prepared to have a marvelous flight that you will remember long after you reach your destination. The comfortable seats are good sized and come with an ottoman. You have adequate privacy and if you want to sleep, you can do so comfortably with their luxurious down-filled duvet on a quilted mattress with pillows that are large and plush. To make your sleep compare to that of your own bedroom at home or a high-class hotel, you can slip into the 100% cotton pajamas they provide you. This, of course, makes it possible to sleep without wrinkling your clothes. First Class passengers can enjoy Chef-on-Call-First, a service that will bring you cuisine to rival that of the finest hotel. The experience will be similar to eating out in a true Malaysian restaurant and not even close to what it'ske to eat on your normal airplanes. Your meal selection can be from a Malaysian menu or a Western menu and the entr'es you have to choose from depend on the airport from which your flight originates. To be more specific, if you depart from Kuala Lumpur and choose from the Western menu, you could be enjoying Lobster Thermidor or Beef Rib in Gravy. However, if you prefer the Malaysian menu, your choice could be Kerutup Ayam. Kuala Lumpur is the capital of Malaysia and, whenever you are traveling on Malaysia Airlines, you would definitely enjoy visiting this intriguing city. Kuala Lumpur is the largest city, based on population, in Malaysia and most people view it as an exciting and modern city - one of the best worldwide. It is a city you shouldn't miss if you are in Southeast Asia. Even though Kuala Lumpur is not as ancient as other capital cities in Southeast Asia, the cultural influence can be felt right alongside the modernistic feel of the city. Kuala Lumpur has a rich architectural mix. You will see old colonial influences, Asian traditions, Malay Islamic inspirations, modern, and postmodern architecture. A great shopping experience, for those who love to shop, can be had in the Bukit Bintang district that contains the largest concentration of shopping malls in Kuala Lumpur, as well as well as cafes and restaurants. This diverse city is also full of restaurants and nightlife, so it has something to offer everybody. Malaysia Flights go to many places in the world that have beautiful beaches. For example, many beach lovers are drawn to Phucket, the island nation that's part of Thailand. Island hopping will allow you to find many of the exotic beaches in the region. 104 separate islands, clustered together and going by the name Langkawi, could be a location near Malaysia you want to check out. These islands contain pristine beaches with blue waters and lush landscapes that will make you feelke you've found paradise. There are even more beach locations than these that can be flown into by Malaysia Airlines. Malaysia Airlines will give you their famous hospitality when you choose one of their convenient flights to Southeast Asia. You may want to check into their other flights because they do serve other places in the world.

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